Egypt, or the Arab Republic of Egypt, as it is officially known, is a country located in the North of Africa. It includes the Sinai Peninsula situated in Southwest Asia and is therefore, a transcontinental country.
It is one of the most powerful countries in Africa, and is also very popular for its ancient history. Tourists come every year from all around the globe to see monuments such as the Giza pyramid or the Great Sphinx.
Being such a big country, Egypt laws are complex and precise. Egypt laws include not only the Civil Code, but also its Judicial System as well as Egypt’s Lawsuits Authorities.
The civil Egypt laws have been firstly written in 1949, and it followed the French model of that time. Therefore, it includes clear regulations regarding business and commerce, while not focusing so much on family law. Egypt laws related to family are mostly handled through Shari’a ( known as Islamic law ).
Mainly for its power, Egypt and Egypt laws have become a source of inspiration for most Middle Eastern countries, such as Libya, Jordan and even Iraq. However, others are also based on the Egyptian Civil Code, for instance Bahrain and Qatar.
Egypt laws include a full and rigorous judicial system, which is thought of being independent of the government. As well as the civil code, Egypt’s judicial system is based around the French model, while preserving its concepts. Therefore, the legal code is somewhat like the Napoleonic Code.
The criminal code listed three main categories of crime, as most European countries also do. These are contraventions, which are minor offenses, misdemeanors – often punished by fees and in some rare cases by imprisonment, and felonies, which are considered the most severe, and are punished by penal servitude or death. Some capital crimes, that could lead to a death sentence are murder, rape and endangerment of state security, but those rarely resulted in execution.